Over the next two decades, India will account for 25 percent of the world’s total demand growth, by far the most of any country.
Looming IMO regulations, as well as the perpetual precariousness of relying on petroleum for marine transportation in a volatile world market, have prompted shipping fleets to take a fresh look at renewable-powered propulsion.
Higher diesel prices in Brazil have led to nationwide protests and have become a major political issue ahead of this year's presidential election.
The structural shift in the U.S. refined products markets throughout this decade—with the U.S. becoming a net exporter—has benefited consumers, the country’s manufacturing sector, and the trade balance.
Despite the behavior that led to the 2015 VW scandal and its continued fallout, diesel remains an efficient fuel that can reduce total petroleum consumption, and is still a viable part of a larger strategy to reduce oil dependence.
For every diesel truck replaced with natural gas, Waste Management cuts consumption of diesel by an average of 8,000 gallons per year.
Market conditions had been mostly kind to U.S. refiners over the past five years, but current oversupply of refined products, excess downstream capacity, and tight spreads between the two major benchmarks have considerably changed the outlook.
Although new regulations will improve efficiency and curb pollutants, the electrification of the vessels on the water and the growth of autonomy in shipping, similar to changes in the auto industry, can bring about widespread benefits.
The global oil markets have been dealing with a crude supply glut for sometime, but now the surplus has shifted to refined products. With high stocks of diesel and gasoline worldwide, oil prices, now trading in the mid-$40s, could move lower.
The diesel market is dealing with two major issues, one of which is a short-term glut and the other which surrounds questions about its long-term outlook in the wake of Volkswagen cheating on emissions testing.