for Shale investors
The gap between renewable and fossil fuel investments is closing, as the post-Paris Agreement performance of those fossil fuel investments falters.
Oil majors continue to ratchet up activity in U.S. shale, even as other producers cut back.
With the Permian possibly falling short of expectations, the U.S. shale boom may not be the panacea to keep prices relatively low at a time OPEC is restraining supply and geopolitical risks threaten more supply disruptions.
The oil industry continues to struggle despite prices rising and expectations for strong earnings reports. Energy stocks in the S&P 500 declined by 6.6 percent in the first quarter.
Shale has upended global energy markets but two questions remain unanswered: Can it be called upon to meet demand growth, and will it ever be profitable?